Center for the Development of Small Schools
National Academy of Education named after I. Altynsarin
About the Center
History of the Center for the Development of Small Schools
Over the years, methodological scientists Khrapchenko G.M., Askarbayeva A., Aymagambetova K., Kulmagambetova B., who published the results of their work in scientific and methodical journals, dealt with problems of small schools. The problem of improving the teaching methods and teaching content, starting from the second half of the nineteenth century to the 70s of the twentieth century, was reflected in the book Khrapchenko G.M. "Scientific and methodological problems of public education in Kazakhstan" (1976) and in his scientific publications.
From 1971 to 1975, scientists and employees of the Laboratory published programs, textbooks for Kazakh and Uighur schools and more than 50 teaching and instruction manuals, teaching aids, visual aids and didactic materials.
In 1990-1993, active research work was carried out on important topics: “The structure and updating of the content of integrated and integrated education in grades 1-2 of a four-year primary school” (supervisor –Maigaranova S.), “Features of the organization of educational and methodical work schools "(supervisor –Beysenbayev Z.," Improving teaching methods and educational content of primary school "(supervisor –Zhunusova K.) and others.
From 1993 to 1999, the Laboratory was headed by K. Zhunusova.
In 1999, Eralieva M. was appointed director of the Laboratory, and under her leadership methodological support was provided to small-scale schools in the country.
In subsequent years, there were changes in the structure of the Research Institute of Pedagogical Sciences, and in 2000 the laboratory on the problem of teaching in small schools, which included experts: Mamyrova K., Nureseyitova S., Kembebaeva J., Akhmetova R., began work. Laboratory staff conducted research work, the results of which was published in the work "Шағынжинақталғанмектептебілімберу– Education in a small school" (Mamyrova K.N., Nurseyitova S.D., 2002, publishing house “Ғылым”).
In 2002, the laboratory of a primary school was merged with the laboratory of small schools and received the name “Laboratory on the problem of education in primary and small schools”, the head of which was appointed to the Ph.D. Slambekova N.M.
As a result of the implementation of paragraph 75 of the State Program for the Development of Education of the Republic of Kazakhstan for 2011–2020, signed by Decree of the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan No. 1118 of December 7, 2010, the Republican Center for the Development of Small Schools at the National Academy of Education was created. It was headed by Duissebek A.T. The Center included scientists, methodologists with extensive experience in the school: Toibazarova B.K., TuleubaevaKh.T., Smagulova B.K., SisengalievaG.Zh., Sarsenbina B.K., Danyarov G.Z.
In 2013, N. Toibazarova, Candidate of Pedagogical Sciences, was appointed Director of the Center for Development of Small Schools. The Center included experienced methodologists who have worked for many years at school and who know the problems of small schools in practice: Daniyarova K.A., Zhunusova G.K. The staff of the Center for the Development of Small Schools conducted research on the problem of improving the quality of education in the combined classes of small schools.
In 2014, Mukhamedkhanova A.K., Candidate of Historical Sciences, Associate Professor was appointed Director of the Center for the Development of Small Schools. Under her leadership, qualified specialists worked: Toibazarova N.A. – Leading Researcher, Candidate of Pedagogical Sciences, Associate Professor; TuleubaevaKh.T. – Senior Researcher, Daniyarova K.A. - Senior Researcher, ZhunusovaG.K. – Senior Researcher, Baқyt A.B.– Senior Researcher, Master of Education, Aytbayeva A.D.– Senior Researcher, Master of Laws.
In 2015, Kudaibergen G.S. was appointed director of the Center for Development of Small Schools, having experience in school and knowing in practice the problems of small schools. Such qualified specialists as Akhmetova B.S. – Leading Researcher, Candidate of Biological Sciences, T. Tuleubaeva– Senior Researcher, KhapurA.Kh. – Senior Researcher, DikhanbaevaI.Zh. – Senior Researcher, Master of Education, had worked in the Center.
From 2016 to 2018 Director of the Center for the Development of Small Schools was Adamova M.E., who has extensive experience in the field of education.
The current state of the Center for the development of small schools
The Center for the Development of SmallSchools is a structural unit of the National Academy of Education named after I. Altynsarin since 2011. The main task of the Center for the development of small schools is the development of small schools with a small contingent of students, combined class-kits and a specific form of organization of learning sessions.
Mission:Methodological, regulatory and educational support of the educational process in small schools of the republic’s resource centers, the study, synthesis and dissemination of pedagogical excellence.
The purpose of the Center for the development of small schools is to modernize the activities of small schools, aimed at improving its competitiveness for the sustainable development of Kazakhstan, methodological and scientific and methodological support for the development of small schools of resource centers.
₋The creation of an expanded database on the activities of small schools, resource centers (support schools) and support schools;
₋Conducting research on the quality of education in small schools, improving the educational process, and the needs of small schools;
₋Development of regulatory and instructive documents, scientific and methodological manuals, recommendations and educational complexes for organizing work in small schools, improving the educational process for principals and teachers of small schools;
₋Monitoring, analysis, synthesis and implementation of best practices in organizing the work of resource centers (support schools), managing small-scale schools, introducing effective learning technologies (including information and communication);
₋Coordination of the activities of the regional centers of small schools and methodological offices in the departments of education and the scientific and methodological support of small schools;
₋Holding international, republican and regional scientific conferences, seminars and trainings aimed at improving the quality of organization of activities and improving the quality of training and education in small schools;
₋Participation in organizing and conducting interactive conferences and distance learning courses for pedagogical staff of small schools.
In 2018, Kudaibergen G.S. was appointed director of the Center for Development of Small Schools, having experience in school and knowing in practice the problems of small schools. The Center employs qualified specialists: Lebedeva L.A. – Leading Researcher, Candidate of Pedagogical Sciences; Keller E.R. - Leading Researcher, Candidate of Philological Sciences; RapishevaZh.D. –Leading Researcher, Candidate of Philological Sciences; Danyarov G.Z. – Senior Researcher; Bekzhanova A.A. – Senior Researcher; Payevskaya E.V. – Senior Researcher, Master of Social Sciences; Miraliev B.K. – Senior Researcher.
The Center for Development of Small Schools of the NAE named after I. Altynsarin plays a coordinating role in supporting small schools and resource centers for scientific and methodological support, solving actual problems of small schools, on organizing the educational process, and provides guidance to managers and teachers of these schools.
The main activities of the Center for the Development of Small Schools of the NAE named after I.Altynsarin:
• Coordination of small schools and resource centers;
• Collection of statistical data, the creation of a data bank and an interactive map;
• Analysis of the quality of training and education in small schools;
• Scientific and methodological support of small schools and resource centers in the context of updating the content of education;
• Holding seminars and competitions (republican, regional);
• Development of recommendations for improving the activities of small schools and resource centers;
• Development of proposals in the MES of the RK to determine the future strategy for the development of a network of small schools.
Statistics on small schools in Kazakhstan
As of the 2018-2019 school year in the Republic of Kazakhstan, according to the NED data, there are 2,886 small schools, which accounts for 39.4% of all schools in the country (in 2017 there were 2,958 or 39.6%), including primary schools –584, secondary schools –811, high schools –1,491 schools.
In 2018, 198,603 students studied in small schools, which is 6.3% of the total number of students in the Republic of Kazakhstan (in 2017 –205,950 or 7%), including 7575 in primary schools, 33,256 in secondary schools, in high school –157,772 students. In total, in small schools there are 30,250 class-sets, of which there are 23,732 non-combined classes, including 1,221 primary schools, 4,921 secondary schools, 17,590 secondary schools; combined –6,518, including primary school –1,091, secondary schools –2,814, high school –2,613.
They teach –50,295 teachers (16.9%); in 2017 –53,578 (19%).
The largest number of small schools in the North Kazakhstan, Akmola, East Kazakhstan, Kostanay, the smallest –in Mangystau, Kyzylorda and Atyrau regions.
Compared to the previous academic year, the number of small schools located in standard premises increased by 36 schools, the number of small schools located in adapted buildings decreased by 95 schools, and the number of emergency and requiring major repairs decreased by 7 and 86 schools, respectively.
Further development strategy for small schools and resource centers:
1. Improving the regulatory framework of small schools and resource centers;
2. Development of effective mechanisms for financing small-scale schools and resource centers;
3. Ensuring infrastructure development (resource centers, boarding schools, transportation);
4. Improvement of educational and methodological support of the educational process;
5. Development of distance learning;
6. Support of the teacher corps of small schools and resource centers;
Special conditions are necessary for the preparation of teachers of small schools:
• additional specialization of teachers in related disciplines in universities;
• surcharges for work in the combined classes of small schools;
• additional payments to the teacher for working in resource centers with students from magnetic schools;
• new approaches to certification and advanced teacher training.
7.To ensure quality education, it is necessary to transfer senior pupils from small schools to complete schools. According to the State Program for the Development of Education, by 2020 the majority of small-scale schools will function only for the levels of primary and secondary education.
Astana city, 8 Mangіlіk El avenue,
BC "AltynOrda", 15th floor, room 1506,
Tel: 8 (7172) 57-80-31,